Dr. Jill Richardson
Veterinary Poison Information Specialist
ASPCA National Animal Poison Control Center
December 9, 1997
|Ten Tips for a Poison-Safe Household||LIST OF POISONOUS PLANTS|
2.When cleaning your house, never allow your pet access to the area
cleaning agents are used or stored. Cleaning agents have a variety of
properties. Some may only cause a mild stomach upset, while others could
cause severe burns of the tongue, mouth, and stomach.
3.When using rat or mouse baits, ant or roach traps, or snail and slug
place the products in areas that are inaccessible to your animals. Most baits
contain sweet smelling inert ingredients, such as jelly, peanut butter, and
sugars, which can be very attracting to your pet.
4.Never give your animal any medications unless under the directions
veterinarian. Many medications that are used safely in humans can be deadly
when used inappropriately. One extra strength acetominophen tablet (500mg)
can kill a 7lbs cat.
5.Keep all prescription an over the counter drugs out of reach
of your pets, preferably in
closed cabinets. Pain killers, cold medicines, anti-cancer drugs, antidepressants, vitamins,
and diet pills are common examples of human medication that could be potentially
lethal even in small dosages. One regular strength ibuprofen (200mg) could
cause stomach ulcers in a 10lb dog.
6.Never leave chocolates unattended. Approximately one half ounce or
baking chocolate per pound body weight can cause problems. Even small
amounts can cause pancreatic problems.
7.Many common household items have been shown to be lethal in certain
species. Miscellaneous items that are highly toxic even
in low quantities include pennies(high concentration of zinc), mothballs
(contain naphthalene or paradichlorobenzene- one or two balls can be life
threatening in most species),potpourri oils, fabric softener sheets,
automatic dish detergents (contain cationic detergents which could cause
corrosive lesions), batteries (contain acids or alkali which can also cause
corrosive lesions), homemade play dough (contains high quantity of salt),
winter heat source agents like hand or foot warmers (contain high levels of
iron), cigarettes, coffee grounds, and alcoholic drinks
8. All automotive products such as oil, gasoline, and antifreeze, should
be stored in areas away from pet access. As little as one teaspoon of antifreeze
(ethylene glycol) can be deadly in a 7lb cat and less than one tablespoon could be
lethal to a 20lb dog.
9. Before buying or using flea products on your pet or in your
your veterinarian to discuss what types of flea products are recommended
for your pet.
Read ALL information before using a product on your animals or in your home.
Always follow label instructions.
When a product is labeled "for use in dogs only" this means
that the product should NEVER be applied to cats. Also, when using a fogger or a
house spray, make sure to remove all pets from the area for the time period
specified on the container. If you are uncertain about the usage of any product,
contact the manufacturer or your veterinarian to clarify the directions BEFORE
use of the product.
10. When treating your lawn or garden with fertilizers, herbicides,
always keep your animals away from the area until the area dries completely.
Discuss usage of products with the manufacturer of the products to be used.
Always store such products in an area that will ensure no possible pet exposure
|Amarylillis||Fruit Salad Plant|
|Apple Leaf Croton||German Ivy|
|Apricot (pit)||Giant Dumb Can|
|Asparagus Fern||Glacier Ivy|
|Autumn Crocus||Gold Dust Dracaena|
|Baby's Breath||Hahn's Self-Branching Ivy|
|Bird of Paradise||Heartland Philodendron|
|Branching Ivy||Hurricane Plant|
|Buckey||Indian Rubber Plant|
|Buddist Pine||Janet Craig Dracaena|
|Caladium||Japanese Show Lily (especially cats !!!)|
|Calla Lily||Jeusalem Cherry|
|Ceriman||Lacy Tree Philodendron|
|Charming Dieffenbachia||Lily of the Valley|
|Cherry (seeds and wilting leaves)||Madagascar Dragon Tree|
|Chinese Evergreen||Marble Queen|
|Cornstalk Plant||Morning Glory|
|Croton||Mother-in Law's Tongue|
|Cutleaf Philodendron||Needlepoint Ivy|
|Dieffenbachia||Oriental Lily (especially in cats!!!)|
|Dracaena Palm||Peace Lily|
|Dragon Tree||Peach (wilting leaves and pits)|
|Dumb Cane||Pencil Cactus|
|Easter Lily (especially in cats!!!!)||Plumosa Fern|
|Elaine||Poinsettia (low toxicity)|
|Elephant Ears||Poison Ivy|
|Emerald Feather||Poison Oak|
|Fiddle-leaf fig||Precatory Bean|
|Red Emerald||Saddle Leaf Philodendron|
|Red Princess||Sago Palm|
|Red-Margined Dracaena||Satin Pothos|
|Ribbon Plant||Silver Pothos|
|Taro Vine||Spotted Dumb Cane|
|Tiger Lily (especially cats!!!)||String of Pearls|
|Tomato Plant (green fruit, stem and leaves)||Striped Dracaena|
|Tree Philodendron||Sweetheart Ivy|
|Tropic Snow Dieffenbachia||Swiss Cheese Plant|